Taz

Taz

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WHITE-FACED SCOPS OWL
(Otus Leucotis)

 

The White Faced Scops Owl is a small grey nocturnal owl with a striking white face surrounded by black edging and has large prominent ear-tufts. Their eyes are Orange and they have the largest ear openings of any Scops Owl. The White Faced Scops Owl is fully nocturnal and mostly insectivorous, although the owl may take small birds, rodents and other small mammals. They hunt from an open perch and drop down on their prey. The White Faced Scops Owl prefers scrub and bush territory, and often uses ground nest sites for breeding. The genus Otus can largely be divided into two types of owls, the Screech Owls of the New World, and the Scops of the Old World. Most of the Otus owls are residents throughout Africa and south of the Sahara.

Zulu

Zulu

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GREAT GRAY OWL
(Strix Nebulosa)

 

The Great Gray is one of the largest Owls. When perched they appear very bulky because of their dense, fluffy plumage, long wings extending past the body, a relatively long tail, and a large head. The size of the head and the prominent facial disk make the yellow eyes appear small. When hot, a Great Gray Owl will pant and droop its wings to expose an unfeathered area under the wing. They weigh between 28oz and 51oz. Their wingspan can be anything up to 152cm. Great Gray Owls are found from Alaska across Canada, down the Northern Rocky Mountains, and northern Minnesota. They are also found in northern Europe and Asia. The Great Gray inhabits a range of forested habitats. The nesting habitat usually includes islands filled with conifers. Hunting occurs mainly during early morning and late afternoon, especially during winter, but also during daylight hours and at night. Whilst hunting a Great Gray will use a perch or it may hunt through the forest a few feet above the ground.

Porsche

Porsche

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FEMALE SNOWY OWL
(Bubo scandiaca)

 

The Snowy Owl is one of the largest North American owls measuring anywhere from 23 to 26 inches in length with a wingspan of 54 to 65 inches. This beautiful owl is usually white in color with thin black horizontal bars or spots although the adult males can be almost pure white. The snowy owl has a rounded head with yellow eyes and a black bill. Their legs are heavily covered in feathers to insulate them from their cold habitat which ranges from the arctic regions of North America to as far south as Washington or Montana when food is scarce. The snowy owl primarily lives in the open grasslands or fields of the arctic tundra making its nests on the highest, driest parts of the tundra. The snowy owl is one of the few owls that hunt both in daylight and at night. Their favorite food is lemmings but they also eat birds, fish, mice and small marine animals. During migration their prey includes ground squirrels, hares, moles, rabbits, rats, shrews and weasels.

Purdy

Purdy

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BARN OWL
(Tyto Alba)

 

The Barn Owl is best known for its heart shaped facial disc, a feature that enhances the birds hearing, enabling it to locate its prey accurately. Once a common site in Britain, the Barn Owl is now a threatened species. As the landscape changes, survival becomes increasingly difficult. Barn Owls weigh between 8oz and 13oz and have a wingspan of 2.5 to 3 feet. The distribution of the Barn Owl is global, and they are the most widespread land bird in the world. Essentially a tropical species, Southwest Scotland is the most northern limit of its range. Barn Owls are found in open countryside, water meadows, grasslands and agricultural land. They often hunt during the day, mainly seen at dusk. Graceful in flight the Barn Owl quarters low over meadows, hovers silently over prey or hunts from a post. The Diet mainly consists of small mammals like mice, field voles and the common shrew.

Kato

Kato

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AFRICAN SPOTTED EAGLE OWL
(Bubo Africanus)

 

The African Spotted Eagle Owl is a medium to large owl with prominent ear tufts. The upper-parts are dusky brown with pale spots and the under-parts are whitish and finely barred. Facial disk whitish to pale ochre. They are largely found in Africa south of the equator, and parts of the Arabian Peninsula. Their habitat is mainly savannah, rocky outcrops, scrub, open and semi-open woodland, semi-deserts. This owl, lacking the size and strength of the great eagle owls , Bubo bubo is four times its size does not compete effectively in the struggle for the small to medium sized mammals. It rather specialialises in large insects, but does take some small mammals and small birds, and, on occasions, reptiles, scorpions, crabs, snails, frogs and anything else it can find. Studies in Nigeria have found this bird specialising in gerbils in woodland, and scorpions, beetles and reptiles in clearer areas. Around street lamps it snatches from the air insects, bats and even birds. Among the more surprising birds taken have been hornbills, sunbirds, terns, Many Spotted Eagle Owls die in traffic accidents and as a result of collisions with fences and overhead wires. Pesticide residue is also a problem with these birds in parts of Africa. If they can survive the first winter and avoid an untimely death, the likelihood of living for another ten years or more are quite strong.

Jammu

Jammu

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EUROPEAN EAGLE OWL
(Bubo Bubo)

 

This magnificent bird is the largest owl in the world. It is an awesome hunter, able to kill foxes and small deer with its powerful beak and fearsome talons. Its feathers are soft to allow it to glide silently and unheard when hunting. They can be found in many parts of mainland Europe, but are more common in the Scandinavian countries. They have not lived in Britain since the 18th century. The type of habitat they prefer is open forest in rocky areas, so that they have trees to rest in during the day and rocky crevices to make their nests in. These birds are at the very top of the food chain and will hunt and kill anything from a small deer to a mouse. They swoop down on their prey, grabbing it with their talons and flying off with it in their beak. Female European Eagle Owls usually nest in a rocky crevice lined with a few feathers. 2 or 3 eggs are laid and kept warm by the female. These take approximately 35 days to hatch.